Updated: Apr 4
Today we are going to learn about food vocabulary (nouns) and it's plural form. Another great reason to learn a new languages is certainly have an excuse to eat other food. Food brings people together and get them talking to it. So, let’s learn some food vocabulary.
Nouns are used to name all sorts of things: people, animals, objects, places, ideas, emotions... In Spanish, nouns may be masculine or feminine. Unlike English, in Spanish even inanimate nouns are classified as masculine or feminine. For example:
huevo = egg (masculine) and papa= potato (feminine).
How to know when a noun is feminine or masculine?
Because gender is such an integral part of learning Spanish your best bet as an English speaker is to acquire each new word with its respective article. Think of the article almost as part of the word.
Instead of learning: huevo = egg, try committing to memory: EL huevo= The egg.
Because coming from English you don’t have any reference to hold on to, sometimes our memory can only recall so much and we mix up the gender. Even though Spanish is a language of exceptions, there are a few guidelines that can help when wanting to determine if a noun is feminine or masculine. All of these rules use the ending of a word as a trick to determine its gender.
That said, we need to get something out of the way before diving into the rules for gender in Spanish.
Debunking the -a is Feminine, -o is Masculine myth
You’ve probably heard this one before: words ending in -a are feminine and words ending in -o are masculine.
While this is actually true for a lot of words, there are so many exceptions to this rule that it often becomes more of a problem than a solution. Very often our students at Español Latino get genders mixed up when learning new vocab because they had learned this rule of thumb. Just think of the Spanish word for “agua”: el agua!
Now that’s a problem…
But don't worry we will talk about this topic soon, remember get in touch with us. Let's back to the lesson for today.
Plural Noun Forms
Spanish nouns can be singular or plural, and Spanish plural nouns will almost always end in -s or -es. Here are the rules (and, of course, exceptions) you need to know to pluralize Spanish nouns.
Nouns that End in a Vowel
Let's first take a look at the rules for words that end in a vowel. The plural of a noun ending in a vowel is formed by adding -s.
1. Rule: If a singular noun ends in an unstressed vowel (a, e, i, o, u) or the stressed vowels á, é or ó, add -s to the end of a singular noun to make it plural.
2. For nouns which end in a consonant, the plural is formed by adding -es. For example:
3. Be careful with nouns ending in -z:
The plural of these nouns are formed by removing the z and adding -ces:
Exceptions include nouns ending in -s or -x which have the same form in both singular and plural
Listening Activity No. 1: Escucha nuevamente el vídeo y después completa por orden los alimentos.
________ bocadito ________agua con gas
________ café ________ leche
________ cerveza ________ vino tinto
________ café solo ________botella de agua
________ vino blanco ________ botella de vino
_______ tortilla ________ agua
Crossword Activity No. 2: Completa con la ayuda de estas imágenes y busca cuál es el alimento o bebida que falta.
Audiovisual comprehension to practice oral and written expression. No. 3: "Mis lugares favoritos para desayunar".
Do you like “churros“? Let's see this lesson in context. This resource includes great practice for the food vocabulary in Spanish. In this video with subtitles, we are going to see what can you eat for breakfast if you travel to Madrid, and quite important, where you can do it. You will find all the information below, along with some activities to practice everything you have learned, but first, watch the video a couple of times. We hope you find it very useful. Available in our store. Enjoy it!
Free Student handout to practice oral and written expression related with food. No. 4: "Los alimentos"
Students can work individually or in pairs to solve the exercises on this handout.
This resource include grammar, practice lessons and vocabulary. Enjoy it!
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¡Hasta la vista!
Español Latino Team.