Updated: Oct 28, 2020
¡Bienvenido a una nueva lección! In this lesson, we will learn to use the structure “IR + A + Infinitive” for making future plans in Spanish. This lesson will includes several examples and explanations that will help you talk about your future plans in Spanish too. We will introduce some new vocabulary through several conversations about someone’s plans for the day, summer vacations and other scenarios. Moreover, you will have the chance to practice listening. Let’s start…
The conjugation of ir (to go) is irregular in the present tense. The conjugations for ir in the present indicative tense are totally irregular. Like ser, it doesn't follow the normal patterns for verb conjugations. Can you imagine why? For example, try to conjugate ir by taking the infinitive –ir ending away… and you'll find there's nothing left!
Therefore, you'll have to memorize the following pattern for ir in the present tense:
The following examples show you ir in action:
How to use ir with places
The verb ir will often be used along with the preposition a. We use IR+A with places to express that someone is going to somewhere. So whenever you’re going to a place, you’ll use IR+A to get there!
Yo voy a la librería. Nosotros vamos a un concierto. Ellos van a las tiendas.
When using IR+A with a location, pay close attention to the gender of the noun/place you are using.
When going to a masculine singular place, you’ll need to contract the preposition A + the masculine article EL to make the new contraction “AL”. Here are some examples:
el cine –> Yo voy al cine. I am going to the movie theater.
el restaurante –> Nosotros vamos al restaurante. We are going to the restaurant.
el supermercado –> Ellas van al supermercado. They (feminine) are going to the supermarket.
el parque –> ¿Ud. va al parque? Are you (formal) going to the park?
No contraction is needed when talking about going to a feminine singular place:
la biblioteca –> Tú vas a la biblioteca. You (informal) are going to the library.
No contraction is needed when talking about going to a masculine plural place:
los edificios –> Él va a los edificios. He is going to the buildings.
No contraction is needed when talking about going to a feminine plural place:
las oficinas –> Ellos van a las oficinas. They are going to the offices.
Use ¿A dónde? when asking (to) where someone is going:
¿A dónde van Uds.? (To) where are you all going?
How to use ir with activities
The verb ir can be used with an infinitive to describe an action that is planned for the future. Always use the preposition a between the two verbs: ir (conjugated) +a+ (Infinitive). The English equivalent is to be going to (do something)
Activity No. 1: Ir Conjugations Quiz
Think you’ve got it? Test yourself:
1. Claudia and her friends and visiting Taxco and everyone is going to a different place. Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verb ir.
Rosa: Claudia ____ (1) a la casa de mi tío y yo ____(2) con ella. Luis,
¿a dónde _____(3) tú?
Luis: Yo ____(4) al parque. Oye, María Inés, ¿A dónde ____(5) tú?
María Inés: Yo ___(6) al centro.
Luis: ¿A qué hora ____(7) ustedes a la casa de su tío?
Claudia: ¡Nosotros ____(8) a Cuernavaca a las nueve!
Listening Activity No. 2: My plans for the day
Listen to this episode Beatriz asks people in the streets of Lima, Peru about their plans for today. Take notes of the information you consider important and listen carefully to identify how IR + A + Infinitive is used in the conversations to talk about plans in Spanish. ¡Buena suerte!
Key expressions in conversation: 1. ¿ Cuáles son tus planes para hoy? means What are your plans for today? 2. ¿Qué van hacer? means What are they going to do? 3. ¿A dónde van a ir? means Where are you going?
Activity No. 3: Ir Conjugations: Complete with the correct way to "go."
a) Los domingos los niños ______al cine con sus abuelos.
b) Los lunes yo _______al gimnasio por la mañana.
c) ¿Cuándo ________ (vosotros) de vacaciones? ___________ el 5 de julio.
d) María _______ a clase de piano todos los días.
e) ¿________(tú) al cine conmigo?
f) Doctor, ¿a qué hora ______usted todos los días?
g) Este año _________(nosotros) a Roma en Semana Santa.
h) El próximo miércoles ________(yo) a ir al teatro con mi prima.
Listening activity No. 4: Intentions or plans: IR A + infinitivo
Let's practice what you have learned watching this video. Watch the video as many times as you need.
Activity No. 5: Test yourself
This resource includes a list of activities for students to complete after reading this lesson. Please, leave a message if you want we prepare more activities about this topic. Great practice to applied what you have learned. We hope you find it very useful. Thanks for helping us to improve. Click to download!.
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¡Hasta la vista!
Español Latino Team.