Updated: Apr 1, 2020
Definite Articles in Spanish
Definite articles are used to talk about specific nouns. Spanish has four definite articles: el, la, los, and las.
In Spanish, nouns don't like to be alone, so they are often accompanied by articles! Spanish articles indicate the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) of a noun, as well as whether or not a noun is a specific noun (definite or indefinite).
There are four definite articles in Spanish, and they often all translate to the same little word in English: the. There are also cases where they don't have a direct English translation, but help to indicate the gender and number of a noun.
Definite Article Forms:
Here are the four forms that Spanish definite articles take.
Matching Gender and Number
A definite article always has to match both the gender and number of its noun.
If the noun is feminine and singular (like salsa), then the article also has to be feminine and singular (la salsa). If that same noun is plural (like salsas) the article is also plural (las salsas).
Check out these examples with the different definite articles in Spanish.
El libro está en el escritorio. The book is on the desk.
La literatura española es muy interesante.Spanish literature is very interesting.
Me gusta ir al cine los viernes. I like to go to the movie theater on Fridays.
Son las cinco y cuarto de la tarde. It is five fifteen in the afternoon.
When the same noun is plural, the regular feminine article is used.
Singular Plural English
el águila las águilas the eagle(s)
el alma las almas the soul(s)
el agua las aguas the water(s)
el hacha las hachas the axe(s)
When a feminine singular noun begins with a stressed a or ha sound, the masculine definite article is used instead of the feminine definite article.
In today’s video you will learn how we use these articles EL, LA, LOS, LAS in combination with some adjective placed after them. Take notes of the information you consider important and listen carefully to identify the phrases presented above plus a few new ones. Press PLAY when you are ready.
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Español Latino Team.