Updated: Feb 14
A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same, and where the action “reflects back” on the subject.
I wash myself. subject: I verb: wash object: myself Since the subject and object are the same, the verb is reflexive. I wash the car. subject: I verb: wash object: car Since the subject and object are different, the verb is not reflexive.
They must be used with a reflexive pronoun such us myself, yourself and himself in English. Below you can see the Spanish reflexive pronouns:
How work reflexive verbs in Spanish
1. In Spanish, reflexive verbs are much more common than in English, and many are used in everyday language. The infinitive form of a reflexive verb has SE attached to the end of it, for example, secarse (meaning to dry oneself). This is the way reflexive verbs are shown in dictionaries. These are some common reflexive verbs in Spanish.
lavar to wash (non-reflexive) lavarse to wash oneself (reflexive) rascar to scratch (non-reflexive) rascarse to scratch oneself (reflexive)
Acostarse (to go to bed) Levantarse (to get up)
Llamarse (to be called) Dormirse (to go to sleep)
Ducharse (to have a shower) Enfadarse (to get angry)
Acordarse (to remember) Vestirse (to get dressed)
Divertise (to enjoy) Casarse (to get married)