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B1 Level. The house in Spanish

Updated: Mar 16

The vocabulary for the house is really important in everyday conversations. In this lesson, we will cover the vocabulary for rooms and parts of the house in Spanish, “las habitaciones y partes de la casa”, and see how these words could be used in real situations. You will learn the basics to use the verb HABER in its form HAY, the verb TENER, ESTAR plus prepositions of place for rooms in the house and SER for simple descriptions.

Making simple sentences with rooms in the house in Spanish

HAY + rooms in the house in Spanish and objects

The single Spanish word hay (pronounced like English eye) means there is, there are, is there?, are there? in English. Spanish sentences with hay and English sentences with there is, there are follow the same pattern with regard to the inclusion or omission of definite and indefinite articles. The Spanish definite articles el, la, los, and las, never follow hay.

We use HAY to refer to one object or many, e.g. “Hay una puerta” and “Hay varias ventanas”. HAY needs an indefinite article such as “un, una, unos,unas”, which has to agree in number and gender with the object being described. If we want to talk about a single object, we use the structure:

Hay + un/una + objeto + preposición de lugar + el/la/las/los + rooms in the house in Spanish

An example following this structure is “Hay una ventana en la sala”. If we want to talk about several objects we change un and una for a quantifier like varios (several), muchos (many), or even numbers as in “Hay dos ventanas en la cocina”. Here are a few examples using hay:

Hay una alfombra en la casa.

Ha un árbol en el jardín.

Hay dos vasos en la mesa.

Hay tres libros en el piso.

To make sentence negative, place no before hay.

No hay luz en el baño

No hay teléfonos aquí

No hay revistas en la casa.

TENER + parts of the house in Spanish

The verb tener (to have) can be used in addition to parts of the house in Spanish to say what objects a room has. TENER is an irregular verb so some of the conjugations change a little, but in general it is easy to use. We may use the demonstrative pronouns ESTE and ESTA for sentences like “Esta casa tiene dos habitaciones” and “Este baño tiene una ventana”. In general for the house, we would use it following the structure:

Article or demonstrative pronoun + rooms in the house in Spanish + Tener (conjugated) + un/una (or quantifier) + object

En mi casa tenemos dos perros.

En la cocina tenemos un microodas de última generación

ESTAR+ rooms location

The verb ESTAR is frequently  used to say in which floor something is. In order to do so, we need prepositions of place to indicate the position of a room or object from another’s location as in “La sala está junto a la cocina” (the living room is next to the kitchen). In the examples for hay presented above, we also used the prepositions of place en and sobre.

Las persianas del ático están rotas.

Las sillas están en el comedor.

Los libros están junto al mueble de la cocina.

Describing parts of the house in Spanish with SER + adjectives

Finally, we use the irregular verb SER (another form of to be) plus an adjective to describe something or someone, in this case to describe rooms and parts of the house in Spanish. Ser will be used as es for singular nouns and son for plural nouns, for example: La casa es bonita (Bonita is the adjective here). Basically we will use the structure:

Object + SER (in its forms ES or SON) + adjective

La cocina es muy amplia y luminosa

Los muebles de la sala son my antiguos

En el dormitorio las paredes son de color blanco.

El techo es de tejas.

Let's practice

Listening Activity No 1. Vocabulary related to the house.

Listening and Quiz Activity No. 2: Una casa especial

In this video we are going to visit a very special house. Watch the video a couple of times, search words you do not know in a dictionary and, finally, do the exercises below. You can also check the use of the verb HAY, learn more vocabulary about the house.

Now let’s practice what you have seen in the video, with the activities below. Remember you can contact your tutor if you have any questions.

planta, salón, piso, luminosos, cocina, escalera, buhardilla, dormitorio, jardín, plantas

1. La casa tiene dos ____________.

2. El primer piso tiene un gran balcón _____________.

3. En la _______ de arriba hay dos dormitorios.

4. El salón es muy grande y _______.

5. El ________ de matrimonio está hecho con troncos de madera.

6. La ________ para subir al segundo piso es un árbol.

7. La _________es la habitación más grande.

8. En la planta de abajo hay una __________.

9. La casa también tiene una gran__________.

10. En la __________ hay un horno, con microondas y una nevera.

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Hasta la vista

The Español Latino Team.

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