A1 - A2 Level. Contractions - AL - DEL


Contractions in Spanish are very easy because you only need to learn two. Yes, there are only two contractions in Spanish. So, what are they?

One is A + EL = AL and the other is DE + EL = DEL


The contraction AL

Whenever the preposition A is followed by the article EL, the two words are joined to form one new word (contraction) AL.


Incorrect: Voy a el supermercado. Correct: Voy al supermercado.


More examples of sentences with AL

  • El libro está traducido al español. The book is translated into Spanish.

  • Tienes que entregar la tarea al profesor. You have to turn in the homework to the teacher.

  • Mañana vamos al estadio. Mañana vamos al estadio.


The contraction DEL

Whenever the preposition DE is followed by the article EL, the two words are joined to form one new word (or contraction) DEL.


Incorrect: Es el perro de el vecino. Correct: Es el perro del vecino.


More examples of sentences with DEL

  • La palabra del día. The word of the day.

  • Jorge es el mejor empleado del mes. Jorge is the best employee of the month.

  • Las ventanas del departamento son grandes. The windows of the apartment are big.

Important Exception:

We don't make a contraction of de + el when the EL is a part of a name (or city/country)

  • El es de la ciudad de El Paso. He is from the city of El Paso.

  • Ellos son de El Salvador. They are from El Salvador


El vs Él

Be careful with the difference between the article EL (= the) and the pronoun ÉL (= he). We do NOT contract the words A + ÉL or DE + ÉL

  • Tírale la pelota a él. Throw the ball at him.

  • A él no le gusta comer carne. He doesn't like to eat meat.

  • Este libro es de él. This book is his.

  • ¿Esa es la bicicleta de él? Is that his bike?


Let's Practice. Quiz Activity No. 1: Al vs A la

1. Mis amigas están frente a ____ fogata.

2. El supermercado está frente ______ de Carmen.

3. Carolina ya está frente ____ computador terminando su informe.

4. Mi mamá plantó diferentes flores, las rosas están junto _____ naranjo.



Quiz Activity No. 2: Del vs De la

1. El departamento de Josefa está al lado ____ playa.

2. Mi hijo viajará alrededor ______mundo.

3. Tus zapatos no están dentro _______cajón.

4. Afortunadamente dejamos el coche delante __________ entrada principal.



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